Sending humans on deep space projects is a reality, to visit other planets and colonize them. We are technologically ready to take the first steps. Popular imagination embodied in sci-fi stories—such as “The Martian,” with a big station on the surface and Matt Damon stranded on Martian soil growing potatoes;Continue Reading

Thawing permafrost driven by climate change could free trapped microbes and radioactive material. As climate change warms the Arctic, melting ice could release hazardous chemicals and radioactive material dating to the Cold War. Vanishing permafrost could also free viruses and bacteria that have slumbered beneath Arctic ice for tens ofContinue Reading